Many types of decorative seam in hand-embroidered, allows needlewomen to realize, sometimes, even impossible projects. Here, for example, merezhka, which includes a lot of stitches. They are used on thinned canvas and do not forget about the tightening.
There is another common way, the so-called hardanger. In which, the counting surface is used, this is when cutting and tightening of openwork pieces of linen occurs. Variants such as merezhka, hardanger and tightening of some fragments of the canvas, contribute to the creation of the usual fabric, elegant trim of lace.
Thin work, in which it is necessary to carefully and carefully count the threads on the canvas, requires great craftsmanship in embroidery, which for beginners will be difficult to do. Popularity merezhka and hardanger that these techniques are very unusual, and after the completion of the work, it turns out an incredible result that amazes even novice embroidery lovers. Let's try to understand in detail what merezhka and hardanger are.
We will try to find out the essential rules applied to the fittings for the creation of the Metazhka and Hardanger techniques.
In the first place, when performing the method of a merezhka and hardanger, the important agreement is the counting of threads, for this, you will need a fabric with an explicit and pronounced weave. Before starting lessons and a master class on the technique of merezhka and hardanger, you need to make an undercut and pull out a certain number of threads to make a seam. The thread that will seam hem in embroidery should be strong and slightly twisted. And also to be the correct thickness, in relation to the fabric, which will be held a master class in embroidery.
With a needle in this work, is relatively simple. Need a regular needle for embroidery, which is, even for beginners needlework lovers.
You will need an auxiliary tool such that it is useful to repeat lessons and a master class, these are scissors with pointed and thin ends.
Before starting work, you need to remember how to do without knotted thread fastening.
During the use of the length of the thread, use the option of fastening the eyelets, which can be seen in cross-stitch embroidery. The use of a single thread in a hemstitch method, it is necessary to make a stitch in the direction of the thread of the main fabric, having the appearance of a column and strengthen it, with the help of a buttonhole seam, near the column base.
Having calculated the point on which the strip for the Metah technique will be created, you need to fix its end, in an interesting way “rocking”. We make one-on-one stitches in a horizontal position, grabbing one or two vertically lying threads of the base. From our "rocking chair" depends on the width of the band this hem. We take sharpened scissors and carefully cut horizontal threads with them, and you can pull them out with a needle.
So, a strip is created, which includes vertical threads, with a hemming performed on it.
Elementary implementation is that merezhka, at the same time, it looks much festive. Reminding yourself, ethereal lace. She can decorate even the simplest textile fabric.
The simplest seam hemstitch embroidery, which is subject to even a beginner, is the technique of "single twig" or "brush".
Let's try one master class in order to practice doing embroidery using a technique.
Every merezhka is done from the beginning to the left, moving to the right side. We start the seam with a needle sticking with a thread, from the front side, the left corner below, one thread lower than the stitches. Grab a bunch of upright threads from the back. Then, we pushes the needle from the bottom, on the right side of the first beam made, and pull it onto the front side. Do such manipulations, for the entire length of the merezhka, and you will receive the first tier of vertical bars at the bottom.
If you make such a merezhka on the top of the strip, doing everything in the opposite direction, you will have a merezhka with a so-called "double bar".
The first skills in the merezhka technique can be obtained by reading a master class or lessons. But in order to consolidate the material, it is better to look at the photos and videos, which presents a vivid example. For those who want to master more complex options, a way for a close-up, such as "punk" and "lyakhovka", it is necessary to take lessons from the master of this business. You can practice on the basis of the video material.
The technique of embroidery hardanger differs from merezhka in that it covers a larger space for activity. Hardanger was born in the town of the same name, located in the northern part of Scandinavia. The technique of hardanger, embraces the embroidery of dense ligaments, which are in vertical and horizontal position of the surface stitches. Embroidery reminds, unusual lace, different geometric shapes. The main figure, it is a square and a flower of eight petals. Objects embroidered with hardanger are reminiscent of an ancient work of art that was made in the Middle Ages. Such needlework, it is unrealistic to look at the photo, you need to feel and touch it with your hands. The main requirement is a hardanger, this is a scrupulous counting of stitches.
Before doing embroidery, you must purchase a suitable fabric. In it, the threads must coincide vertically and horizontally. Only because of this, different shapes and patterns in the hardanger style are obtained.
The threads are used in hardanger, durable and twisted. Depending on the embroidery, use thin or thick threads. The color scheme should not be radically different from the canvas, or even be the same color.
Now, let's discuss the fastening thread, which does not provide knots. Because, as a result, mounds are formed on the fabric, which drastically spoil all the embroidery. In order to secure the thread, you need to leave its end, a length of 8 cm, and then stretch it under the tiers of threads from the inside.
Let's repeat the lessons and master class, the most common square embroidery, in the hardanger style. There will be an odd number of stitches in the horizontal and vertical position. Need to use thread on the base, which are parallel to these stitches.
The next seam, has the name looped or "langetny." In this case, the hardanger uses thicker threads. This method is done for edging the edges of the fabric when they are separated from the eruption of the segments.
In embroidery hardanger, do not use round shapes, only right angles. The seam with eyelets is necessary in order to prevent the canvas from premature sprinkling, subsequently cutting.
We hope that the presented master class, on the study of the merezhka and hardanger styles, can now be repeated, even the beginning masters and fans of this type of embroidery. To consolidate the material, study the photo and video material presented on our website.
If you overcome these lessons, on the study of artwork or hardanger techniques, then in the end, you will be able to make breathtaking and airy embroidery that will adequately decorate the interior of your hearth.